What ingredients to look for in your thyroid supplement
The thyroid is a bow-tie-shaped organ located at the neck, and below the larynx. It produces hormones that help make the body’s organs function properly and two of the most important are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
When any of these hormones fail, dysfunction happens. The most common is hypothyroidism, a deficiency in the thyroid hormones that affects people over 40 years old. If the condition is hereditary, it can also affect younger people.
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are: fatigue, weight gain, constipation, joint aches, memory loss, low blood pressure, high cholesterol, low sex drive, hair loss, dry skin and sensitivity to cold temperature.
When the condition worsens, it results to goiter, slow speech, sluggish reflexes, infertility, edematous swelling, impaired memory, anemia, deafness and psychosis.
Thyroid supplements will tremendously benefit those with hypothyroidism.
Containing thyroid-function hormones such as T1, T2, T3 and T4, they help rejuvenate the endocrine system.
The following are important ingredients to look for in thyroid supplements for hypothyroidism:
Iodine, which is a component of T3 and T4, is needed by the thyroid gland to synthesize thyroid hormones.
Eat foods that contain a lot of iodine or you can take iodine dietary supplements.
However, take care that you don’t take in too much iodine because an excess of this mineral will result to hyperthyroidism.
But it’s still best to check with your doctor because iodine is only good if the hypothyroidism is caused by low levels of this mineral.
The thyroid gland already contains selenium which is very important because the body needs it to make selenoproteins, antioxidant enzymes which help make T3 and T4 function normally.
Selenium deficiency could result to severe hypothyroidism.
This mineral prevents goiter, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ hypothyroidism.
Zinc is required to induce the thyroid in producing T3 and T4. Thus, taking a thyroid supplement that is rich in zinc can help cure or prevent hypothyroidism.
Copper is another mineral that should go with zinc in a thyroid supplement. It is an antioxidant that protects the thyroid gland from oxidative damage.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D protects the thyroid gland from autoimmune problems, which also causes hypothyroidism. When the cells of the thyroid glands are destroyed, the production of T3 and T4 slows down, so Vitamin D can prevent this from happening.
It can prevent the development of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and thyroid cancer.
- Other Vitamins
Thyroid supplements for hypothyroidism need to contain antioxidants like Vitamins A, C and e. They help destroy free radicals and reduce oxidative stress on the thyroid gland.
- Essential Fatty Acids and Amino Acids
Meanwhile, look for thyroid supplements with Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids to counter hypothyroidism caused by autoimmune problems.
Also look for tyrosine, an amino acid that builds the proteins of the thyroid gland.
Finally, to know if you have hypothyroidism, get a thyroid blood test. Note that many people think that their symptoms are because of old age that is why many cases of hypothyroidism are left undiagnosed.